T-cell Therapy Market: Global Size, Share, Trends, Growth and Forecast 2022-2032

T-cell Therapy Market: Overview and Definition

The global T-cell therapy market is projected to reach USD 17.5 billion by 2032 from USD 5.3 Billion in 2021, at a CAGR of 19.7% during the forecast period 2022-2032. 

T-cell therapy is a type of immunotherapy that uses modified T-cells to target and kill cancer cells in the body. T-cells are a type of immune cell that play a key role in the body's defense against infections and diseases. T-cell therapy involves extracting T-cells from a patient's blood, modifying them in a laboratory to target cancer cells, and then reinfusing them back into the patient.

The T-cell therapy market has been growing rapidly in recent years, driven by the increasing prevalence of cancer and the growing understanding of the role that T-cells can play in the immune response to cancer.

The market for T-cell therapy is highly competitive, with a number of pharmaceutical companies and biotech firms working on developing new treatments. Some of the key players in the market include Novartis, Gilead Sciences, Kite Pharma, Bluebird Bio, and Juno Therapeutics.

T-cell Therapy Market: Key Drivers

There are several drivers contributing to the growth of the T-cell therapy market:

Increasing prevalence of cancer: Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, and the prevalence of cancer is expected to continue to rise. T-cell therapy offers a promising new approach to treating cancer and has shown remarkable results in clinical trials.

Growing understanding of T-cell biology: As our understanding of the immune system and T-cell biology grows, we are discovering new ways to harness the power of T-cells to fight cancer. This is driving the development of new T-cell therapies and improving the effectiveness of existing therapies.

FDA approvals: The approval of CAR-T and TCR-T therapies by the FDA has given a boost to the T-cell therapy market. These approvals have validated the potential of T-cell therapy as a treatment for cancer, and have opened up opportunities for other companies to develop new therapies.

Investment and funding: The T-cell therapy market has attracted significant investment and funding from both public and private sources. This has enabled companies to accelerate their research and development efforts and bring new therapies to market more quickly.

Collaboration and partnerships: The T-cell therapy market is highly collaborative, with companies partnering with academic institutions, research organizations, and other companies to share expertise, resources, and knowledge. This collaborative approach is driving innovation and helping to bring new therapies to market more quickly.

Personalized medicine: T-cell therapy is a form of personalized medicine, as it involves modifying a patient's own T-cells to target their specific cancer. As personalized medicine becomes more common, it is expected to drive demand for T-cell therapy and other forms of personalized treatments.

T-cell Therapy Market: Challenges

While the T-cell therapy market has seen significant growth and progress in recent years, there are also several challenges facing the industry. Some of the key challenges include:

High cost: T-cell therapy is a complex and expensive process, involving the extraction, modification, and reinfusion of a patient's own T-cells. The high cost of treatment can make it difficult for patients to access and for healthcare systems to afford.

Limited availability: T-cell therapy is not widely available, as it requires specialized infrastructure, expertise, and equipment to perform. This can limit patient access, particularly in less developed countries.

Safety concerns: While T-cell therapy has shown promising results in clinical trials, there are also safety concerns, particularly related to the risk of cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and neurotoxicity. These side effects can be severe and require careful management.

Manufacturing challenges: T-cell therapy is a highly complex and individualized process, which requires specialized manufacturing facilities and expertise. This can limit scalability and make it difficult to produce therapies at scale.

Regulatory challenges: T-cell therapy is a relatively new technology, and there is a lack of clear regulatory guidance in some areas. This can create uncertainty and delay the development and approval of new therapies.

Resistance and relapse: While T-cell therapy can be highly effective in some patients, others may develop resistance or experience relapse. This highlights the need for continued research and development to improve the effectiveness of T-cell therapy and develop new approaches to overcome resistance.

T-cell Therapy Market: Report Scope

Base Year Market Size


Forecast Year Market Size


CAGR Value




  • By Therapy Type
  • By End-user Industry
  • By Indication
  • By Geography



  • High Costs
  • Regulatory challenges
  • Limited availability
  • Manufacturing challenges


Growth Drivers

  • Increasing prevalence of cancer
  • Growing understanding of T-cell biology
  • FDA approvals
  • Investment and funding
  • Personalized medicine

T-cell Therapy Market: Segmentation

The T-cell therapy market can be segmented in several ways, including by therapy type, indication, end user, and region:

By therapy type: T-cell therapy can be broadly categorized into two types, CAR-T cell therapy and TCR-T cell therapy. CAR-T cell therapy is currently the most widely used and well-established type of T-cell therapy, while TCR-T cell therapy is a newer and more experimental approach.

By indication: T-cell therapy can be used to treat a variety of different types of cancer, including leukemia, lymphoma, and solid tumors. Each type of cancer presents unique challenges and opportunities for T-cell therapy, and ongoing research is exploring new indications.

By end user: The end user for T-cell therapy can be segmented into hospitals, clinics, and research institutes. Hospitals and clinics are the primary end users for T-cell therapy, as they are responsible for administering the therapy to patients. Research institutes play a critical role in developing new T-cell therapies and advancing our understanding of the underlying biology.

By region: The T-cell therapy market can be segmented into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and the Rest of the World. North America is currently the largest market for T-cell therapy, followed by Europe and Asia-Pacific. The Asia-Pacific region is expected to see significant growth in the coming years, driven by increasing demand and improving infrastructure.

T-cell Therapy Market: Regional Synopsis

The T-cell therapy market is a global market, with significant growth and activity in several regions. Here's a brief synopsis of the T-cell therapy market in different regions:

North America: North America is currently the largest market for T-cell therapy, driven by a strong research and development ecosystem, significant investment and funding, and a favorable regulatory environment. The United States is the largest market within North America, with a high prevalence of cancer and strong healthcare infrastructure supporting the adoption of T-cell therapy.

Europe: Europe is a significant market for T-cell therapy, with a well-established healthcare infrastructure and a strong emphasis on research and development. The European market is also characterized by a highly collaborative research ecosystem, with academic institutions, research organizations, and biotech companies working together to advance the field.

Asia-Pacific: The Asia-Pacific region is expected to see significant growth in the T-cell therapy market in the coming years, driven by increasing demand for cancer therapies, a growing healthcare infrastructure, and improving regulatory environments. China and Japan are the largest markets within the Asia-Pacific region, with a significant focus on research and development.

Rest of the World: The T-cell therapy market in the Rest of the World is relatively small but is expected to grow in the coming years as access to healthcare improves and new therapies become available. The market in this region is highly diverse, with significant variation in healthcare infrastructure and regulatory environments.

T-cell Therapy Market: Key Players

  • Gilead Sciences
  • Bristol Myers Squibb
  • Bluebird Bio
  • Adaptimmune Therapeutics
  • Atara Biotherapeutics
  • Tmunity Therapeutics
  • Novartis AG

T-cell Therapy Market: Recent Developments

The T-cell therapy market is a rapidly evolving and dynamic field, with many new developments and advancements happening all the time. Here are some recent developments in the T-cell therapy market:

Approval of T-cell therapies for new indications: In recent years, T-cell therapies have been approved for new indications, expanding the market for these therapies. For example, in 2020, the FDA approved the CAR-T cell therapy Tecartus for the treatment of mantle cell lymphoma, and the TCR-T cell therapy brexucabtagene autoleucel for the treatment of multiple myeloma.

Advances in gene editing technologies: Gene editing technologies such as CRISPR-Cas9 are being used to enhance the safety and efficacy of T-cell therapies. For example, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have used CRISPR-Cas9 to edit T-cells in a way that makes them resistant to HIV infection, opening up the possibility of using T-cell therapies for the treatment of HIV.

Development of off-the-shelf T-cell therapies: Companies such as Allogene Therapeutics and Celularity are developing off-the-shelf T-cell therapies, which can be manufactured in advance and then stored for later use. This approach has the potential to increase the availability of T-cell therapies and reduce the time and cost associated with developing and manufacturing these therapies.

Advancements in manufacturing and supply chain: As the demand for T-cell therapies increases, companies are investing in manufacturing and supply chain infrastructure to ensure that these therapies can be produced and distributed at scale. For example, Novartis recently opened a new cell and gene therapy manufacturing facility in Stein, Switzerland, to support the production of its CAR-T cell therapies.

Growing interest in T-cell therapies for solid tumors: T-cell therapies have shown significant efficacy in the treatment of hematologic malignancies such as leukemia and lymphoma, but their use in the treatment of solid tumors has been more challenging. However, recent advancements in T-cell engineering and other technologies are making it increasingly possible to develop T-cell therapies for solid tumors, and there is growing interest and investment in this area.

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  • Publication date: 19th September 2023
  • Base year: 2022
  • Forecast year: 2023-2033
  • Format: PDF, PPT,Word,Excel

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Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

T-cell therapy is a type of immunotherapy that uses a patient's own T-cells, which are a type of immune cell, to target and destroy cancer cells. The T-cells are collected from the patient's blood, genetically engineered to express a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) or T-cell receptor (TCR) that can recognize and bind to cancer cells, and then infused back into the patient's body.

The global T-cell therapy market is projected to reach USD 17.5 billion by 2032 from USD 5.3 Billion in 2021, at a CAGR of 19.7% during the forecast period 2022-2032.

T-cell therapy has been approved for the treatment of certain types of blood cancers, including acute lymphoblastic leukemia and some types of lymphoma. It is also being investigated for the treatment of other types of cancer, including solid tumors.

T-cell therapy has shown remarkable efficacy in the treatment of certain types of blood cancers, with response rates of up to 90% in some cases. However, the efficacy of T-cell therapy can vary depending on the type of cancer being treated and other factors.

T-cell therapy can cause a variety of side effects, including cytokine release syndrome (CRS), which can cause fever, low blood pressure, and other symptoms, and neurotoxicity, which can cause confusion, seizures, and other neurological symptoms. These side effects can be severe, but can often be managed with supportive care.

There are many companies and organizations involved in the T-cell therapy market, including Novartis, Gilead Sciences, Bristol Myers Squibb, Bluebird Bio, and Adaptimmune Therapeutics, among others.

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